The municipalities of Alba Iulia (Alba County), Bistrita (Bistrita- Nasaud County), Ploiesti (Prahova County) and Baia Mare (Maramures County) showed interest in elaborating E-mobility Action Plans. The measures were related to electric urban transportation, implementation of charging infrastructures, tax cuts for E-vehicle owners, tourist transportation systems, awareness raising/information campaigns.
Alba Iulia and Bistrita, more eager to roll out tourism-related actions have already implemented some of these measures.Alba Iuliaset up the infrastructure for E-vehicle sharing inside its touristic zone, whereas Bistrita made the first step towards the implementation of the Green Line, a dedicated line for E-buses to transport passengers into the touristic city Centre. The Green Line is planned to be financed with structural funds under the Regional Operational Programme. Ploiesti and Baia Marefocused on green public transportation with electrical trams and buses. Nevertheless, all four municipalities set as priority the acquisition of E-buses with financial support under the axis of the Regional Operational Programme. Alba Iulia also focuses on implementing charging stations to power E-vehicles with 100% renewable energy from local production.
Compared to the other member states of the EU, the Romanian E-mobility market is merely at the beginning mainly because of the high purchase price of e-vehicles, financial constraints of municipalities, lack of national supporting programmes and not the least because of certain prejudices related to cost effectiveness of the E-cars. Only few municipalities (mainly Covenant of Mayors signatories) have undertaken E-mobility related actions in their Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAPs).
Romanian experts conclude that the best way to address the
taking – up of E-mobility Action Plans in municipalities is to include them in the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMP) which are mandatory by legislation for certain municipalities. The approach is therefore to integrate the E-mobility Action Plans in the broader SUMPs ensuring commitment and continuity to the plan. Difficulties met in the development of E-mobility need to be addressed in a concerted manner by all stakeholders with concrete financial support by local governments, flexibility in the offers of car manufacturers and by faster implementation of the charging infrastructure. In this respect, setting up local networks (municipalities, businesses, local and national, institutions, energy agencies etc.) are crucial to ensure proper development and continuous information related to E-mobility in general.
Find out more:
Responsible "E-Mobility Works" project partner: Alba Local Energy Agency
E-Mobility National factSheet of Romania
News on E-mobility progress in Romanian
municipalities (in Romanian)